Diabetes mellitus is a disease condition due to the inability of the body to make use of carbohydrates or sugar because of a deficiency of insulin which is a hormone produced by the pancreas that is essential for the metabolism or use of carbohydrates. Insulin is responsible for facilitating the uptake or entry of sugar into the cells for energy production.
The lack of insulin leads to diabetes mellitus in which the blood sugar level is too high. The excess glucose is eliminated by the kidney and excreted in the urine. This is why the presence of too much sugar in the blood or urine are signs of diabetes mellitus.
Diabetes is a common disease but unfortunately many of the victims may not be aware of the condition. Diabetes can lead to serious complications but the good news is that diabetes mellitus can be modified and controlled.
Patients with diabetes can live long and virtually normal life if controlled accordingly. The exact cause of diabetes is unknown but hereditary factors may play important role in the development of diabetes.
Some other factors known to predispose a person to developing the disease include; excessive weight gain(obesity) lack of regular physical activity or exercise and side effects of certain drugs used for other health condition as well as stress.
SIGNS AND SYMPTOMS OF DIABETES
The common symptoms of diabetes mellitus include
- Abnormal or excessive thirst-drinking large quantity of water.
- Frequent urination.
- Frequent occurance of boils, pains, numbness, burning or tingling sensation in the limbs.
- Foot ulcers that fail to heal.
- Sexual weakness, history of delivery of large babies, still-births or recurrent abortionin women and pressure of blurred vision.
Common complications of diabetes include cataract formation, glaucoma, blindness, still birth, failed marriages, neonatal deaths and congenital deaths.
MANAGEMENT OF DIABETES
In the management of diabetes proper diagnoses is very important so as to know the type and level of diabetes. Common approaches to diabetes management are diet and exercise and insulin therapy
DIETS: The most common important fact in the management of diabetes is diet-balanced diet comprising of food from all the food groups; milk groups, meat group, cereal and bread group, vegetable and fruit group necessary for each meal right from infancy. The amount of refined sugar in the diet should be restricted.
If an individual is overweight, it is important that he loses some weight and therefore must consume fewer calories than individual of normal weight. If the person is underweight, his diet must contain sufficient calories with minimum sugar to increase his weight. It is absolutely important that all people with diabetes maintain normal weight at all times.
Dietary fats and cholesterol should be reduced. This can easily be done by restricting the intake of meat, fats, eggs, and cheese increasing the use of fish.
EXERCISE: Structured exercises are important in controlling diabetes because they burn down sugar. It is important to have constant amount of exercise everyday or on regular basis if possible
INSULIN: This is a hormone that is not adequately supplied by the pancreas of the diabetic and this must be artificially administered either by the diabetic patient or by a trained medical personnel.
Insulin is usually administered under strict medical supervision because both over-utilization and under-utilization are dangerous to the individual and may lead to death. Insulin is used in the management of diabetes, but the type and dose must be determined by the medical officer
It is very important to note that if all medical and personal efforts in managing diabetes fail you, there is no sickness Jesus cannot cure. I advise you to visit synagogue church of all nations in Lagos Nigeria and register for the prayer line were the holy spirit through prophet TB Joshua will heal you of diabetes.